Erdogan, mission to Cyprus
Athens – The 20th of July 1974 was the first phase of the Turkish invasion of Cyprus at the pretext of the coup against the President Archbishop Makarios by the Greek colonels in Athens. On this anniversary, Tayip Erdogan, went to the occupied part of Cyprus.
Since the recent election of a new Turkish Cypriot leader Mustafa Akintzi , there was a resumption of the intercommunal talks in Cyprus with much more hope and optimism. Mustafa Akintzi is a more moderate leader , advocating good relations and coexistence between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots and supporting solution of the Cyprus problem on a compromise basis.
Nevertheless, there is much skepticism in Cyprus by a great part of the public opinion, pointing out the evidence that the core of the issue is not the intercommunal relations but the Turkish invasion and the geopolitical ambitions of Ankara on Cyprus. Is there any change in this respect?
It is difficult to affirm the contrary, since Turkey pursues steadily not a solution, based on the respect of the independence and sovereignty of Cyprus, the human rights and the European acquits communautaire but a solution of two “equal” states, united in the framework of a so called bizonal federation, which seems more a confederation than a federation. Through this “constitutional” artifice, Ankara pursues the equalization of the Turkish Cypriot minority of 18% with the Greek Cyprioty majority of 80% and the actual abolition in the case of Cyprus of the democratic principle one man one vote.
At the same time, such a “solution” could result in the recognition and legitimization of the fait accompli of invasion and occupation and the presentation of the occupied part of Cyprus as the territorial base of the “equal” Turkish Cypriot state.
Furthermore, the Turkish side asks for the application in Cyprus of a “ primary European law”, so that to be possible the exception of Cyprus from the general rules of the European acquis communautaire and the application of a special regime, which would permit permanent exceptions at the expense of the rights of the Greek Cyprus, in order to safeguard the principle of the “bizonal federation”!
More concretely, the permanent exceptions would not allow the Greek Cypriots to return and settle freely in the occupied part and to exercise their political rights. Ankara insists also for the maintenance of the old system of guarantees, which was established by the London- Zurich Agreements of 1960, at the moment of the independence of Cyprus.
Along those issues, remain of course the other core issues as that of the territory under the control of each community and the departure of more than 150.000 colons, settled in Cyprus upon a specific plan of Ankara to change the demography of the island and its main Greek character.